An introduction to the history of the salem witch trials of 1692

Daniel Andrews Other victims include two dogs who were shot or killed after being suspected of witchcraft. The fact is, no accused witches were burned at the stake in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem was ruled by English law at the time, which only allowed death by burning to be used against men who committed high treason and only after they had been hanged, quartered and drawn.

An introduction to the history of the salem witch trials of 1692

Hawthorne grew up in Salem but also spent time in Raymond, Maine where his mother owned property. His father, Captain Nathaniel Hathorne, Sr. He himself recognized as his mother lay dying in that his relationship with her was not quite natural: For a long time, I knelt there, holding her hand; and surely it is the darkest hour I ever lived.

After four years at Bowdoin, he returned to Salem in and began working on his first novel Fanshawe. The novel was published shortly after inat his own expense, but Hawthorne disapproved of it and tried to destroy all copies. Although Hawthorne descended from a long line of sea captains, he decided against entering into the profession.

It is not known why he veered away from going to sea, but it is most likely because of the danger associated with the profession. Many of his sea-faring relatives died at sea, including his father. Hawthorne probably did not want to join them.

An introduction to the history of the salem witch trials of 1692

Nonetheless, he felt guilty for not following in the footsteps of his more prosperous ancestors, according to an autobiographical sketch he wrote for the introduction to the Scarlet Letter, which he titled The Custom-House: No aim, that I have ever cherished, would they recognize as laudable; no success of mine—if my life, beyond its domestic scope, had ever been brightened by success—would they deem otherwise than worthless, if not positively disgraceful.

What kind of a business in life—what mode of glorifying God, or being serviceable to mankind in his day and generation—may that be? Why, the degenerate fellow might as well have been a fiddler!

And yet, let them scorn me as they will, strong traits of their nature have intertwined themselves with mine. Nathaniel Hawthorne photographed by Mathew Brady circa The Hawthornes struggled with debt and a growing family and eventually returned to Salem in He held the job for a few years until he lost it when there was a change in the administration.

Hawthorne published his most well-known work, The Scarlet Letter, shortly after inbringing him fame and financial relief. InHawthorne purchased the Wayside from the Alcotts in Concord. This home was the only house Hawthorne ever owned.

The Hawthorne Family Curse: William Hathorne was a local judge who earned a reputation for cruelly persecuting Quakers, most notably ordering the public whipping of Ann Coleman in In The Custom-House, an introductory sketch to the Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel criticized both John and William Hathorne, apologized for their actions and asked for the curse to be lifted: The figure of that first ancestor, invested by family tradition with a dim and dusky grandeur, was present to my boyish imagination, as far back as I can remember.

It still haunts me, and induces a sort of home-feeling with the past, which I scarcely claim in reference to the present phase of the town. I seem to have a stronger claim to a residence here on account of this grave, bearded, sable-cloaked and steeple-crowned progenitor,—who came so early, with his Bible and his sword, and trode the unworn street with such a stately port, and made so large a figure, as a man of war and peace,—a stronger claim than for myself, whose name is seldom heard and my face hardly known.

He was a soldier, legislator, judge; he was a ruler in the Church; he had all the Puritanic traits, both good and evil. He was likewise a bitter persecutor, as witness the Quakers, who have remembered him in their histories, and relate an incident of his hard severity towards a woman of their sect, which will last longer, it is to be feared, than any record of his better deeds, although these were many.

His son, too, inherited the persecuting spirit, and made himself so conspicuous in the martyrdom of the witches, that their blood may fairly be said to have left a stain upon him.

So deep a stain, indeed, that his old dry bones, in the Charter Street burial-ground, must still retain it, if they have not crumbled utterly to dust!

I know not whether these ancestors of mine bethought themselves to repent, and ask pardon of Heaven for their cruelties; or whether they are now groaning under the heavy consequences of them, in another state of being. At all events, I, the present writer, as their representative, hereby take shame upon myself for their sakes, and pray that any curse incurred by them—as I have heard, and as the dreary and unprosperous condition of the race, for many a long year back, would argue to exist—may be now and henceforth removed.

It was slightly old-fashioned even when he wrote it. It is very deliberate, with measured rhythms, marked by formal decorum. It often prefers the abstract or generalized to the concrete or specific word.The Salem Witchcraft Trials: A Legal History [Peter Charles Hoffer] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

In late seventeenth-century New England, the eternal battle between God and Satan was brought into the courtroom. Between January and May in Salem. The infamous Salem witch trials began during the spring of , after a group of young girls in Salem Village, Massachusetts, claimed to be possessed by the devil and accused several local women.

Salem witch trials: Salem witch trials, in American history, investigations and trials of accused witches in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony, in – The Bury St Edmunds witch trials were a series of trials conducted intermittently between the years and in the town of Bury St Edmunds in Suffolk, England..

Two specific trials in and became historically well known. The trial "facilitated" by the Witchfinder General saw 18 people executed in one day.

The judgment by the future Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales. As No-Maj Europeans began to emigrate to the New World, more witches and wizards of European origin also came to settle in America. Like their No-Maj counterparts, they had a variety of reasons for leaving their countries of origin.

Alice Parker, a resident of Salem Town, Massachusetts, was executed on September 22, during the Salem Witch Trials. Martha Corey, Mary Eastey, Ann Pudeator, and Dorcas Hoar were convicted and sentenced to death by hanging at the same time, but Hoar was given a reprieve after falsely confessing.

Also hanged on that day were Mary (née Ayer) Parker and Samuel Wardwell.

Salem witch trials | History & Causes |