The country is facing huge challenges with its new births in decline and a quarter of the population expected to be aged over 60 byaccording to a cabinet plan. Its rapidly ageing population pushed Beijing to end the notorious one-child policy — introduced in to control population growth — inand couples can now have two children. But despite the new policy, some Fifty-one per cent of those newborns were not the first child in their families, the report said.
Problems associated with population policies Social and political consequences Social and economic benefits Future outcomes Problems associated with overpopulation. China has the highest population in the world, encompassing 1. China faces serious social and economic problems associated with overpopulation in the years to come.
Overly populated regions lead to degradation of land and resources, pollution, and detrimental living conditions. The Chinese government has tried to find a solution to the problem of increasing population with moderate success.
China's population control policy. The Chinese government has used several methods to control population growth.
InChina started the "one child per family policy" Juali Li This policy stated that citizens must obtain a birth certificate before the birth of their children.
The citizens would be offered special benefits if they agreed to have only one child.
Citizens who did have more than one child would either be taxed an amount up to fifty percent of their income, or punished by loss of employment or other benefits Hilali Furthermore, unplanned pregnancies or pregnancies without the proper authorization would need to be terminated Hilali 9.
Inthe birth-quota system was established to monitor population growth Jiali Li Under this system, the government set target goals for each region.
Local officials were mainly held responsible for making sure that population growth totals did not exceed target goals. If target goals were not met, the local officials were punished by law or by loss of privileges. Other population control methods. Other methods that have been used by the Chinese government to restrict rising population totals include birth control programs and economic changes.
In the early '80's, sterilization target goals were set and made mandatory for people who had two children Hilali At its peak intubal ligations, vasectomies, and abortions amounted to thirty-five percent of the total birth control methods Hilali In addition, the economy changed from primarily one of agriculture to industry Hilali The government used this to its advantage; spreading the view that economic growth would hinder population growth Hilali Problems associated with population policies.
There have been many problems associated with the policies and programs established by Chinese officials.
First of all, these programs have been difficult to implement and have had little success. Local officials in charge of growth totals, have falsified reports in order to avoid punishment Zeng Yi Consequently, this has led to underreporting of the number of births by as much as twenty-seven percent in Zeng Yi Feb 21, · Immigration is low, and more Russians are moving out than foreigners are moving in.
Russia's average population is actually older than China's at China's median age is The problem is quantity. Oct 31, · The population pyramids of China expose clearly a very jarring fact on the future of the Chinese population, that China will have a more-than-decent sized aging population .
China has the largest population in the world, with a shocking number of billion people and growing by the minute. The overpopulation was such a problem that in it made the one-child.
China has the highest population in the world, encompassing billion or twenty one percent of the world's population (P.R.B. 7). China faces serious social and economic problems associated with overpopulation in the years to come.
Social issues in China are varied and wide-ranging, and are a combined result of the Chinese economic reforms set in place in the late s, China's political and cultural history, and an immense population.
Because of the vast number of social problems that exist in China today (not at all exclusive to the following list), China's government. China has the largest population in the world, with a shocking number of billion people and growing by the minute.
The overpopulation .