History[ edit ] Emergent ideas out of data management[ edit ] In the s, the management of information largely concerned matters closer to what would now be called data management:
History[ edit ] Emergent ideas out of data management[ edit ] In the s, the management of information largely concerned matters closer to what would now be called data management: At this time the huge potential of information technology began to be recognised: An understanding of the technologies involved, an ability to manage information systems projects and business change well, and a willingness to align technology and business strategies all became necessary.
Data that is maintained in IT infrastructure has to be interpreted in order to render information. The information in our information systems has to be understood in order to emerge as knowledge. Knowledge allows managers to take effective decisions.
Effective decisions have to lead to appropriate actions. Appropriate actions are expected to deliver meaningful results. This simple model summarises a presentation by Venkatraman inas reported by Ward and Peppardpage Data, Information, Knowledge, Action and Result,  it gives a strong clue as to the layers involved in aligning technology and organisational strategies, and it can be seen as a pivotal moment in changing attitudes to information management.
The recognition that information management is an investment that must deliver meaningful results is important to all modern organisations that depend on information and good decision-making for their success.
Following the behavioural science theory of management, mainly developed at Carnegie Mellon University and prominently supported by March and Simon,  most of what goes on in modern organizations is actually information handling and decision making.
One crucial factor in information handling and decision making is an individual's ability to process information and to make decisions under limitations that might derive from the context: And yet, well before there was any general recognition of the importance of information management in organisations, March and Simon  argued that organizations have to be considered as cooperative systemswith a high level of information processing and a vast need for decision making at various levels.
Instead of using the model of the " economic man ", as advocated in classical theory  they proposed " administrative man " as an alternative, based on their argumentation about the cognitive limits of rationality. Additionally they proposed the notion of satisficingwhich entails searching through the available alternatives until an acceptability threshold is met - another idea that still has currency.
There is the cost of collecting and evaluating the information needed to take a decision, including the time and effort required. In particular, established organizational rules and procedures can prevent the taking of the most appropriate decision, leading to sub-optimum outcomes.
This environment consists of three interrelated dimensions which continuously interact with individuals, organizations, and systems.
These dimensions are the physical, informational, and cognitive.
He also worked with others to understand how technology and business strategies could be appropriately aligned in order to identify specific capabilities that are needed. This portfolio model organizes issues of internal and external sourcing and management of information, that may be either structured or unstructured.A general manager is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue and cost elements of a company's income statement, known as profit & loss (P&L) responsibility.
A general manager usually oversees most or all of the firm's marketing and sales functions as well as the day-to-day operations of the business. Majors / Management Information Systems, General Description A program that generally prepares individuals to provide and manage data systems and related facilities for processing and retrieving internal business information; select systems and train personnel; and respond to external data requests.
Health information managers are generally in charge of the security and integrity of electronic patient data. A bachelor's or master's degree is typically required to work in the field. Information management (IM) concerns a cycle of organizational activity: the acquisition of information from one or more sources, the custodianship and the distribution of that information to those who need it, and its ultimate disposition through archiving or deletion.
In addition to the day-to-day management roles, a General Manager is required to select and hire qualified personnel as department heads. General Manager Training and Education Requirements General Manager’s education requirements are very dependent on the type of business they work in.
General Manager Job Description Sample This general manager sample job description can assist in your creating a job application that will attract job candidates who are qualified for the job. Feel free to revise this job description to meet your specific job duties and job requirements.