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Guggenheim Museum, New York The origin of the word jazz has resulted in considerable research, and its history is well documented.
It is believed to be related to jasm, a slang term dating back to meaning "pep, energy". It wasn't called that.
It was spelled 'J-A-S-S'. That was dirty, and if you knew what it was, you wouldn't say it in front of ladies. Attempts have been made to define jazz from the perspective of other musical traditions, such as European music history or African music.
But critic Joachim-Ernst Berendt argues that its terms of reference and its definition should be broader,  defining jazz as a "form of art music which originated in the United States through the confrontation of the Negro with European music"  and arguing that it differs from European music in that jazz has a "special relationship to time defined as 'swing'".
Jazz involves "a spontaneity and vitality of musical production in which improvisation plays a role" and contains a "sonority and manner of phrasing which mirror the individuality of the performing jazz musician". Duke Ellingtonone of jazz's most famous figures, said, "It's all music.
Jazz improvisation Although jazz is considered difficult to define, in part because it contains many subgenres, improvisation is one of its key elements. The centrality of improvisation is attributed to the influence of earlier forms of music such as bluesa form of folk music which arose in part from the work songs and field hollers of African-American slaves on plantations.
These work songs were commonly structured around a repetitive call-and-response pattern, but early blues was also improvisational. Classical music performance is evaluated more by its fidelity to the musical scorewith less attention given to interpretation, ornamentation, and accompaniment.
The classical performer's goal is to play the composition as it was written. In contrast, jazz is often characterized by the product of interaction and collaboration, placing less value on the contribution of the composer, if there is one, and more on the performer.
Depending on the performer's mood, experience, and interaction with band members or audience members, the performer may change melodies, harmonies, and time signatures. New Orleans jazz, performers took turns playing melodies and improvising countermelodies. In the swing era of the s—'40s, big bands relied more on arrangements which were written or learned by ear and memorized.
Soloists improvised within these arrangements.
In the bebop era of the s, big bands gave way to small groups and minimal arrangements in which the melody was stated briefly at the beginning and most of the song was improvised.
Modal jazz abandoned chord progressions to allow musicians to improvise even more. In many forms of jazz, a soloist is supported by a rhythm section of one or more chordal instruments piano, guitardouble bass, and drums.Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.
Jazz is seen by many as "America's classical music". Since the s Jazz Age, jazz has become recognized as a major form of musical leslutinsduphoenix.com then emerged in the form of independent traditional.
Classic Savoy Be-Bop Sessions (#) Mosaic Records Limited Edition Box Set. Bebop and Nothingness: Jazz and Pop at the End of the Century [Francis Davis] on leslutinsduphoenix.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Explores the bebop legacy. Styles covered in these essays range from old-style swing to avant-garde free jazz.
Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington was born in Washington, D.C., in His musical training was a compound of piano lessons and an early exposure to the heady cocktail of church music and. Claude Bolling (born 10 April ), is a French jazz pianist, composer, arranger, and occasional actor..
He was born in Cannes, studied at the Nice Conservatory, then in Paris.A child prodigy, by age 14 he was playing jazz piano professionally, with Lionel Hampton, Roy Eldridge, and Kenny leslutinsduphoenix.comg's books on jazz technique show that he did not delve far beyond bebop into much avant.
One of the most popular pages on the Internet for intermediate to very advanced piano solo, contains jazz transcriptions from current and past masters, and arrangements by these top jazz pianists.