This unit covers the majority of the Year 9 curriculum for History.
The form Christenmas was also historically used, but is now considered archaic and dialectal;  it derives from Middle English Cristenmasse, literally "Christian mass".
In the Luke account, Joseph and Mary travel from Nazareth to Bethlehem for the census, and Jesus is born there and laid in a manger.
In the Matthew account, magi follow a star to Bethlehem to bring gifts to Jesus, born the king of the Jews.
King Herod orders the massacre of all the boys less than two years old in Bethlehem, but the family flees to Egypt and later settles in Nazareth.
History Nativity of Christ, medieval illustration from the Hortus deliciarum of Herrad of Landsberg 12th century Adoration of the Shepherds by Gerard van Honthorst depicts the nativity of Jesus The Nativity stories of Matthew and Luke are prominent in the gospels and early Christian writers suggested various dates for the anniversary.
The first recorded Christmas celebration was in Rome in In the early Middle Ages, it was overshadowed by Epiphany. The feast regained prominence afterwhen Charlemagne was crowned emperor on Christmas Day.
Associating it with drunkenness and other misbehavior, the Puritans banned Christmas in the 17th century. In the early 19th century, Christmas was revived with the start of the Oxford Movement in the Anglican Church.
Around ADClement of Alexandria wrote: Solstice date December 25 was the date of the winter solstice on the Roman calendar. He, therefore, who bent low and lifted us up chose the shortest day, yet the one whence light begins to increase. Jesus was considered to be the "Sun of righteousness" prophesied by Malachi: An anonymous work known as De Pascha Computus linked the idea that creation began at the spring equinox, on March 25, with the conception or birth the word nascor can mean either of Jesus on March 28, the day of the creation of the sun in the Genesis account.
Christmas was then calculated as nine months later. The Calculation hypothesis was proposed by French writer Louis Duchesne in This holiday was created in the seventh century and was assigned to a date that is nine months before Christmas, in addition to being the traditional date of the equinox.
It is unrelated to the Quartodecimal, which had been forgotten by this time. Because Passover was held on the 14th of the month, this feast is referred to as the Quartodecimal. All the major events of Christ's life, especially the passion, were celebrated on this date.
In his letter to the Corinthians, Paul mentions Passover, presumably celebrated according to the local calendar in Corinth. According to the Calculation hypothesis, celebration of the quartodecimal continued in some areas and the feast became associated with Incarnation.
The Calculation hypothesis is considered academically to be "a thoroughly viable hypothesis", though not certain. This passage is generally considered a late interpellation.Sir James Lancaster, on his second voyage to India, now in command of a four-ship fleet consisting of the RED DRAGON, HECTOR, ASCENSION, and Lancaster's SUSAN, attempts to pioneer a sea route from East Africa to the East Indies to trade for pepper and nutmeg.
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For a more detailed discussion of Aboriginal culture, see Australian Aboriginal peoples. Prior to documented history, travelers from Asia may have reached Australia. China’s control of South Asian waters could have extended to a landing in Australia.