His financial crisis forced the French monarch to reluctantly convene the Estates General in order to levy a new land tax that would hopefully solve his monetary woes.
Revolution literally means a turnaround or a complete somersault. It is used to describe periods or events that bring about dramatic change in politics, economics or society.
A political revolution happens when a group of people rebel against the existing government and attempt to overthrow it. It is usually associated with violence, like the French Revolution, and sometimes leads to civil war.
There are however political revolutions that are bloodless, in other words, where the existing government is replaced without any violence. An economic revolution takes place when the economy of a country is changed dramatically, like with the invention of new production methods that rapidly speeds up manufacturing and expands production.
Some revolutions bring about sudden change, like the English Revolution that led to the constitutional monarchy that England still has today.
Others take much longer to affect the existing order, like the European Industrial Revolution that took time to spread from England to the rest of Europe. Certain revolutions and the changes they bring also last longer than others.
For example, the French Revolution lasted 10 years, after which France resumed some of the despotism the people fought against in the first place. It took more revolutions in France to set the country on the road to democracy.
The effects of other revolutions have been irreversible. For example, once industrialisation had begun in Britain and Europe, there was to be no turning back to the way things were before the Industrial Revolution. In general, therefore, a revolution refers to something that begins a process of fundamental change to a political, social or economic system.
The revolution that had the most profound effect on the political development of Europe and the modern world is the French Revolution, which began in Some theorists see this revolution as the paradigm model or the example of a revolution. According to this model, political revolutions are not caused by one event only.
Various factors, evolving over time, can contribute to a revolutionary situation. Usually there is an event that sparks off the revolution, but the actual beginnings and endings of political revolutions are difficult to pinpoint in time. The philosophy behind a revolution is usually directed by and educated elite group who wish to write a Constitution for the country and to institute liberal reforms.
The process, however, is often taken over by radicals. Radicals demand more sweeping and extreme changes. Violence and anarchy often erupt. Human rights are suspended, and tyranny and terrors are sometimes features of revolution. Conditions in France in The way France and most European countries was governed in the eighteenth century was very different from democracy.
This created grim economic situation that caused a revolutionary situation. Grievances in France was widespread amongst the peasants, the middle class and poorer people as poor harvests led to people not having enough food.
Many unemployed people moved to the towns especially Paris in search of work but the pressure was already building up. The king Louis XVI was weak and incompetent and did not see how serious the situation was. French Society French Society was divided into three estates. Each estate had its own place in society.
The first and second estates had privileges which gave them advantages over the members of the estate. It was difficult for a person to move from one estate to another.
The third estate consisted of all the people who were not nobles or members of the clergy or monarchy. These people had no privileges and were all regarded as members of the third estate, regardless of their education or wealth. There were some peasants who were reasonably successful but the vast majority was desperately poor.
They had a hard life, being forced to fight whenever France went to war, sometimes paying three-quarters of their income in tax and having to do forced labour on roads and for the local landowners.
Many were highly educated and some of them were quite wealthy, but they were very rarely appointed to top positions and had no chance of gaining power. They also had to pay taxes. When he was 15 years old it was arranged for him to marry an Australian princess, Marie- Antoinette.
They lived in splendor and luxury at the royal palace at Versailles which had been built at a great cost by Louis XVI. Many nobles also lived at Versailles, hoping to impress the King and get good jobs in the government.
They spent their days hunting, gambling, fishing and drinking.Why in did revolution triumph briefly throughout most of Europe, Why Did The Revolution Fail Essay Why did the that began to build in Europe as early as that eventually caused Europe to erupt in Although the rise of liberal and.
© Cleveland Institute of Music: Evolution and Revolution the name of the French people July 14, Known as Bastille Day (France’s 4th of July) Random riots throughout the streets of Paris.
Why Did Revolution Erupt in ? There were many causes of the French Revolution, some long-term and some short-term.
In this essay I will look at and explain them. One of the causes of the revolution was absolute monarchy. This meant their country was ruled by someone who claimed all power. Some. Why Did The French Revolution break out in What then?
After the fall of Robespierre, a more moderate government took control. In they set up directory, a five men council that ran things with the help of Parliament.
They undid most of the Revolutionary Government. They stopped any resistance by using the army. This collection of American Revolution essay questions has been written and compiled by Alpha History authors, for use by teachers and students. Why did violence erupt between Bostonians and British soldiers in March ?
7. Using primary and secondary evidence, explain who was more responsible for the Boston Massacre: the Boston . The revolution that had the most profound effect on the political development of Europe and the modern world is the French Revolution, which began in Some theorists see this revolution as the paradigm (model) or the example of a revolution.